Abusir or Per Ausar, meaning: "Osiris House"

Abusir, this name comes from ancient Egyptian name Per Usiris or Per Asar, “The house of Osiris” or “Osiris House”, an Ancient god, known as the judge of the dead and God of immortality, when a pharaoh died his Spirit was supposed to integrate with Osiris spirit, and the late pharaoh became Osiris. Abusir was a graveyard between Giza Valley and Memphis, located north of Sakkara.

White and Red Columns

Gizeh also was a necropolis, famous by having the Great Pyramids; Memphis was the ancient Egyptian capital during the “Old Empire” period.

The pharaoh Sahu-Re or Sahu-Ra, second ruler of the fifth dynasty was the first Egyptian ruler to build his funerary complex in Abusir area, fallowing his predecessor Userkaf founder of the fifth Dynasty that constructed his pyramid at Sakkara but did built his funerary solar temple in Abu Ghurab close to Abusir.

Sahure mortuary temple, was built at the side basis of his pyramid, it is evident that the temple, is better conserved than the pyramid, since, it can be seen that it was built with superior quality stone-material, Matter of fact, even looks as it had better quality than the temples of the Giza complex, however, although, that only 10% of what it was in size can be seen today since most of the stones have been carried away, this temple is much bigger that the “Great Pyramids Temples”, as well there are well preserved Round columns higher than any other columns found at Giza Complex, and other significant store-carved decorative objects, as well, part of the impressive black granite floor.

The pyramids in Abusir originally were fourteen but now, only can be seen four, and their standing-condition are a bit deteriorated, the highest pyramid, is the one built by pharaoh Neferirkare, probably reached 217 feet (65 m) about the size of Micerino’s pyramid, but certainly all are much smaller and offer lesser workmanship than the well-known Great pyramids of Giza Valley.

Pharaoh Sahura Temple

In Abusir, also can be see the famous Mastaba-complex that was built by Ptah Shepses a vizier married to the daughter of Pharaoh Niuserre..

Pharaoh Sahure, also used a pyramid for burial purposes, it probably had at its base foundation of about 78 m by 78 m and a height of 48 m conformed by six stone steps, in a way, it was like to Zoser’s (or Djoser) Step-pyramid, the first pyramid ever built in Egypt at Sakkara during the third dynasty, but the Abusir pyramids stone-casing over the Steps, now is gone, although, in Ancient times, the stone-casing gave then a similar look like the Giza pyramids has.

There are proofs that, since the reign of Pharaoh Sahure or Sahura, Egyptians made trading trips with Punt a remote site, that took years to complete, but the sailing range and accurate bearings are unsure. .

Meanwhile, as there is much debate in references to Punt location, for the reason that nobody has sufficient evidence to pinpoint the exact position where it was. But exchange or not in Peru South America there is a coastal sand-desert area known as Sechura that has a phonetic sound similar to this Pharaoh's name

In Sahure or Sahura temple complex, were found inscriptions related to the goddess Bast that points that this goddess was worshiped at Abusir.


Coincidence or not, in Ancient Peru, also is a goddess, that was depicted in funerary ceramics that have similar physical characteristics as the goddess Bast, and as well, is portrayed with a headdress similar to the Egyptian hieroglyph, that was used to write her name in Egypt.

Abusir Pyramids Egypt or Per Ausar meaning the House of god Osiris