Artisans and Nobles tombs Deir el-Medina the artist village

Deir el-Medina the artist’s village, made up by free willing and respected citizens, the "builders" of the afterlife housing and pleasures that Pharaohs and nobles expected in the Afterwards World, a fact that also gave them, the right to make and decorate their tombs equal or better that many nobles, they were a class apart, and taken as honorable men, treated with appropriate incentives, since, their afterward well-being depended in their skills.

Artisans Nobles Tombs gods Phtah, Ckepera Luxor West Valley Deir el Medina

For an ancient Egyptian, the grave had much more importance than a house or mansion in this Living-World, the grave was, was thought as the eternal dwelling place, and shrine to be honored by their decedents; when they mentioned their grave they referred as their permanent Home, their residence for eternity, the link between the present and future Worlds.

The quality of a tomb was a sign of wealth power and hierarchy, so depending the social level, gave a qualified alternative to the artists, in order to contract or accept the corresponding construction and ornamentation.
You can force an Artist to make an art object, but cannot be the same as he was motivated to create a beautiful one, therefore, with this feature to their advantage, probably made the most notable Egyptian to lower his head in front of the artist responsible, if he wanted to have something made to show his social status now and happiness in eternal life.

Artists and Nobles tombs Luxor West Valley Deir el Medina

Probably there were quite a few of these cities, but the most notable, known today, is Kahun a city in Giza during the "Old Egyptian Empire", and Deir el Medina during the "Middle Empire", that in best standing than of all, since this city also had a double success or flourishing period during the "New Empire"; these cities also were responsible for all other art and crafts, these artists, lived together in the same center with their families as a community, actually this city was not only a cemetery it was their home town as well; for them death was the continuation of life, same as was on earth but with heavenly advantages and that depended directly to the vizier in charge of the nation.

The artisans of Deir el-Medina, besides being the Artist that gave the attraction to the tomb of the Queens, Kings and nobles also were the ones in charge of the beauty and expander of the temples of Thebes, city known today as Luxor.

Walls decorations


Their principal deity that these Artist honored, was a local goddess with cobra head, which was identified with the silence, but, also were other much importance, like Thoth the God of wisdom, his mate or woman the goddess Mat, the goddess of truth, and Kum, Khoum or Khnum the ram headed god of water, potters and artisans, probably the city from where they got their name.

Ramose tomb West Valley Luxor Egypt