Lion Headed Goddess Bast or Bastet Temple         Per-Bast Egyptian Cats Burial Sacred Place

Bastet or Bubastis was the Greek name for Tell Basta, a Temple in Egypt, also known as Per-Bast, Per-Bastet or Per-Basted, the home place, to honor the Cat or Lion- headed goddess Bast or Bastet since Ancient Egyptians had two different ways to write the name of the goddess, this deity had two different reprehensive figures that were either a Cat or a Lion Headed woman with her identifying symbols, as well, This transformation happened as centuries and millenniums passed by and her characteristics changed with time and places.

Bubastis Temple This city also is identified by the name Phibeseth in the Christian Bible, book of Ezekiel 30-17.

Tell Basta is located in the Eastern Delta of the Nile River, south of Tanis where today is the modern city of Zagazig-Egypt.

Bast is an e ancient goddess of the Egyptian pantheon but, this particular Temple, its origin is probably older that the “Great pyramid of Pharaoh Kheops”, since, Micerino, the Pharaoh who built the third pyramid at Giza, was the one who built the central Temple in Bubastis, done in honor to one of his daughters, related to the worshiping services of the goddess Bast.

Per Bast became the capital of Egypt in the 10th century BC, during the “Third Intermediate Period” that is when Shoshemg I, the first Libyan ruler of the twenty-second Dynasty moved the capital from Tanis, He also placed his son as the High priest at Karnak Temple Complex at Thebes, and by so, reducing the of the high priests power and restored the Kinship control; Tell Bast gained full splendor during the Twenty-third dynasty as a business and of ritualistic celebration center.

Bubastis temple

Bubastis also is famous because, there is a tremendous burial ground for cats, also joined to an individual’s cemetery. In the north side of the temple Complex, a few hundred thousand cats’ mummies were found by a scientific expedition in this unique resting place.

The Cat was an animal, of great respect in Ancient Egypt, this animal saved their recollected crops, from mice and rats as well also protected them from poisonous serpents like the cobras, although, a revered animal, motherless its bite is highly lethal.

The influence of this city lasted after the Greco Roman period, and essentially ended after the Persian conquest, Cambyses II, the Persian conqueror who killed the Apis bull at Memphis, also destroyed this city about the year 525 BC.

 

Gaddes Bast Temple

Bast during the Greek period, was associated with their lunar goddess Artemis daughter of Zeus and sister of Apollo, nevertheless, for Ancient Egyptians she was a solar goddess daughter of Ra, together with her sister Sekhmet, the ladies of fire, represented the eyes of Ra; whereas the lioness goddess Sekhmet represented the destructive-power of the sun, Bast portrayed the warmest side of the sun, Sekhmet was the avenger of the enemies of Ra, and Bast was the force that protected men from the Eye of Ra against evil.

This two goddess, Sekhmet and Bast, were also associated with the ancient Egyptian goddess Uatchet or Uadjet and Nekhebet, the goddess of Lower and Upper Egypt that were represented by a Serpent and a Vulture.

Bast was also the Lady of perfumes, a Perfume pot hieroglyph was also used to write her name, and the reason why, she is thought to be the wife of god Anubis, although, Osiris murderer, he also was one of those, who helped to embalm the body of Osiris by the use of perfumes. Bast as well, at times is represented with a Sistrum in her head linking her to the goddess Hathor the wife of the Daylight deity Heru or Horus and also appears as the mother of Nefer Tem during the afternoon light, as well.

Bubastis was famous for to being the main Cult Centre of the Cat goddess Bast, it was the center of annual festivities, where people use to come in boats playing the Sistrum, a musical instrument or singing and clapping their hands from all over Egypt, they came by thousands drinking without limits and having sex with whoever as pleased.

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Bubastis,Goddess Bast and catstemple
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