Deir el-Bahri is a place, where are found some pharaohs, mortuary Temples, which were known as "The Temples of The Million Years" since, they were built adjacent to the pharaohs Tombs to celebrate and honor the powerful Pharaoh's who built them: Deir el-Bahri is located at the entrance area of the West valley or "Valley of the Death", where are found temples with outmost decoration items, like, columns, statues and paintings done with excellent quality, during different Ancient Egyptian historical periods.

Hatshepsut temple

In this place out stands, the mortuary temple that was built by the architect, Senenmut or Senmut made for the Egyptian female ruler Hatshepsut, famous for her trading-expeditions to the legendary Punt, a region, from where were brought incense and other items, after three years after their departure from the Red Sea; it is believed that a tree planted at the entrance of this magnificent mortuary temple also came from that distant place.

This area was originally dedicated to the goddess, Hathor but these temples are as well dedicated other gods of Thebes, since Hatshepsut’s temple also was dedicated to Amon-Ra, Heru or Horus and others.

This Temple Structure is made of three superimposed mastaba like buildings, originally had Obelisks at the Front, but were transported across the Nile River and now are at Karnak Temples Complex, the building platforms also have a colonnade around and three ramp-steps to access the upper levels by the middle of the frontal section to of each Temple platform-levels.

Interior of the Hatsepsut temple

Obviously, the Temple Architectonic Complex structure was inspired by Pharaoh Mentuhotep II Temple, which was built during the "Middle Egyptian Empire" period; This pharaoh, dedicated his Temple to god Menthu-Ra, the ancient warrior god of Thebes. Menthu had similar characteristics than god Heru or Horus. Mentuhotep II (firth ruler of the eleventh dynasty) introduced also a characteristic; he used the Temple for Sun honoring rituals as was used for other previous pharaohs at that time, but he gave to this Temple a more useful service since he also used this temple as his Burial-Place or Tomb.

Hatshepsut Temple was followed Thotmes III Temple, the triumphant warrior pharaoh, the greatest conqueror of Egyptian History, who also continued the tradition to build temples in the area, but early landslide destroyed the temples, unfortunately, Mentuhotep II’s Temple is quite deteriorated. Nonetheless, the area was also used by a great number of Noble’s tombs in later times and finally the place was has continued to be used as a cemetery for much longer times.

In this area was also found an ancient tomb dating to the eleventh dynasty, in there were found forty mummies of powerful pharaohs that ruled during the “New Egyptian Empire” as well close to there, another cache was found with nearly two hundred mommies of priests.

Detail of the asending ramp of the temple

Therefore, it is possible that, at the fall of the "New Egyptian Empire" the Priest of Amon or another prominent group of the twenty-first dynasty, did reburied their bodies to safeguarded them from the sacking and violence that usually comes after the fall of an empire.

There are many questions in reference to Pharaoh-Queen Hatshepsut, Thotmes III, forty years after he ascended to the throne destroyed all the manifestations of this queen as he was trying to erase her from history.

Why this obsession so many year after and not before? Did she found something from Punt that a rebound in Egyptian society decades after her death? Nevertheless, her body was transported to a closed area and was not hurt, on the contrary, she was undoubtedly taking proper care, although, she did steal from him some years of kingship, but after all she raised him like a mother, most likely the bitterness had to be outside and not Family issue.

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Deir el-Bahri West Valley's        Mentuhotep II Thutmose III and Hatshepsut Mortuary Temples
Thutmose III mortuary temple
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