Elephantine Temple Egypt' First Cataract Triad Gods Khnemu or Khnum, Satet and Anqet

Elephantine is an island in Aswan, at the first Nile River Cataract, thought as, the Nile point of origin, a fabulous place that has played a prominent role in Egyptian history and even prehistory, but today besides a museum and restored of Temple site dedicated to Goddess Sati or Satet, there is not much that can be appreciated, however, most of the island is a conglomeration of rich Art works that remain partially in destroyed temples, done by extraordinary artisans.

River viwew in Elephantine Temple

Elephantine or Abu (elephant) was the source or irradiation center of the Egyptian Gods Triad Khnum-Satet-Anqet worshiping. Khnum the ram headed god was the male member of the triad, one of the oldest honored gods of Egypt, worshiped from early dynastic times, even earlier than the “Old Egyptian Empire” pharaohs’, who built Shrines there and worshiped the local stellar deities of this place, matter of fact, as an example, the name of Pharaoh Khufu or Kheops, the builder of the Great Egyptian pyramid at Giza, his name origin, come from Khufu, which means protected by Khnum, a fact that clearly shows that this name was inspired and had direct relevance to this deity.

Elephantine, also was a place of preference for the pharaohs of the “Middle Empire” and did continued its influence thought the “New Empire”, and during the Greco-Roman period, as well.

Without any doubt, God Khnum, was one of the most ancient gods of Egypt, believed to have solar (Sun God) attributes, but also was a Water deity; in ancient times was a just a River god who later became the Nile god, god of the first cataract so, god of the yearly inundations of the Nile, thus, for such purpose Satet his female counterpart was associated with Isis, a goddess associated with the star Sirius, since the Nile River inundations, always started the June 18, the exact date, that corresponds to the exact day that this Star does her firth yearly appearance in the Sky; as well, this deity, was associated with the potter's Table where God Khnum fashioned men, farther on this Ram-headed God is also known as being the creator of the gods, therefore, a source of life, and the reason why, his name is represented by a jar of water, as Water for Ancient Egyptian, represented Life since the River Nile represented the Life of the whole Egyptian Territory, as well.

Temple in recostruction at Elephantine island

Elephantine, was a provincial capital city, for many years, was the furthest post of the Southern Egyptian Empire, also was a border city, besides being a veritable fortification, and also was a trading-lace for doing business with the Nubians.

Senwosret III pharaoh of the twelfth dynasty, built a fortress there, which was a superb strong-hold that could not be easy reachable, because it was surrounded by water.
Elephantine did had a Bridge that had access to the main-land to facilitating the trading, although, today is not there anymore and now is reachable only by boat.

Egyptians, constructed at Elephantine, something of much interest and need at the time, a clever way to determine the Nile water level; by using some ingenious Carved-Steps designs, in the river cause, whose water level in relation to the Carved-Steps, which provided the essential information for farming purposes. During the reign by Thotmes III, a special Calendar, that was obtained by using the local Sky observations, and other information obtained in other Egyptian cities, although, nowadays, but only fragments has been recuperated of this singular Calendar.

Khnum ram headed elephamtime deity

Another thing that made world-famous Elephantine is that the Greek Eratosthenes of Cyrene, a wise man with much astronomy and mathematics knowledge, who made angular position of Sun and Stars movements in relation to the Sky, during the solstice, in a water-well, located in Elephantine that and using this information in comparison to other Egyptian cities farther north, was able to calculate the circumference of this planet Earth, around 240 BC.

Elephantine or Abu Temple Egypt First Cataract