Esna or Isna Egypt: Ram headed god Khnemu or Khnum and goddess Neith Temple.

E/ honoring the ram-headed deity Khnum has the architectonical looks, shows the basic sketch of a Mastaba trapezoidal frontage, but of much bigger size and many more ornaments, as well, this Temple, has three doors entrances like Pharaoh’s Seti II Shrine at Karnak, facts that define a relationship beyond just looks.

Frontal view of Esna or Isna Temple Egypt

Esna Temple has a tubular, carved ornamentations framing the total frontal view, designed in a way, as they were representing water pipes, tightened by ropes to the building structure, a frequent feature of many Egyptian Temples and other Sacred Structures. On the roof of the building, there is another common characteristic, which is an ornamentation roof element, a design at the top of the building, which resemble marshes of papyrus reeds as if they are growing on top of the roof floor, these items, apparently are representing a garden at a higher level. Therefore, since Water means Life, especially in an area where sand-deserts are abundant like in Egypt and Reed plants grow where water is plentiful, it is a feature that allows, to make an assumption as if Ancient Egyptians were trying to show their supposedly Mythological Sky Eternal Waters with a Watered-Land characteristic, showing the importance, and meaning that Water had in relation to their afterlife contentment.

The Esna or Ta-senet Temple, was built during the Ptolemy Dynasty, is located, at about 50 Kilometers south of the Ancient city Thebes, nowadays, better known by Luxor, this temple was dedicated to God Kum or Khnum, the Ram-headed water deity, who in this Temple has two female counterpart, the goddess Neith and Menheyet a Lion-headed goddess matching the Elephantine Triad (group of 3 gods). As well, he had a son Heka, conforming a triad structure similar to Edfu and most other Egyptian Temples at this Time period.

External decorative motive at Esna or Isna temple Egypt

The Lion-headed goddesses probably are representing “The Eye, of the Sun god” or the nature of Goddess Hathor, which at times, is the goddess of joy and pleasures, others is a fiery force, raging against the enemies of Ra, like the goddesses Bast and Sekhmet that also had lion head, as well. The principal theme at the building entrance part of many Egyptian Temples is the tremendous human-sacrifices, the outmost sacrifice-offering to their gods, or/and a symbolic representation of Victory at War, showing the ferocity of the pharaoh representing the strength of the Sun god Ra, against the enemies of Egypt.

Although that in this area, are other much older edifications, most of the present Temple were built during the Greco - Roman period. Ptolemy III was the principal restaurateur or builder, a trend that was followed by other Geek and Roman Rulers, as well. The Greek preference for this site probably was based on the fact that Geeks related the Egyptian goddess Neith with their goddess Athena the goddess the Greek goddess of Wisdom.

Zodiac representation at Esna Temple Egypt

In de design of this Temple, there was Astronomy Knowledge implications, for the reason that, God Khnum, in a way or other, is also a god of the power of the Universe, on account, that sometimes, He is represented as a Ram deity with four heads, the ram in hieroglyphs represent Spirit, and for such reason, each Head is thought to be representing, the Spirit of each individual Egyptian god: Ra, Shu, Seb and Osiris, as the four elements: Fire, Air, Earth and Water that make the Visible Universe or/ and the part known as the Zodiac. God Khnum was strongly tied c to God Osiris because both were Water-gods or River-gods, which eventually became the River-Nile Gods, the biggest water source of Egypt and Symbol of removable Life Source, as well,

The columns at the building entrance facade, represents the lotus flowers, a Mythological Symbolism that represents, the birth of the Sun god Ra, that supposedly sprang from one of these flowers, in the beginning of the Universe creation of the. Also in the walls of this temple, are inscribed a number of Calendar, and in the temple ceiling, is depicted a magnificent Zodiac design, that was done with Egyptian and Roman Symbols.

There are two goddess Hathor representations at each side of the ceiling, likely representing, the Sumer and the Winter halves of the Year, they seem to give Birth to the Sun god, and, as well, thirty-seven men navigating in boats, obviously representing the Dekans (37 Sky or Zodiacal divisions), which are depicted along her belly, and the twelve Zodiacal Symbols, similar as the ones known today.

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Edfu Temple Egyp where the batle betwenn the gods Heru or Horus took place
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