Luxor Pharaoh's Temple presents Ramses or Rameses II battle of Kadesh

The Ancient Name that the Luxor Temple had in Ancient Thebes Times, is not known today, the name that is in use today is because this Temple was converted into a military bastion of the Luxor city region, during the Roman period..

Sphinx corridor at the Entrance

Luxor Temple, was built south of the Karnak Temple, further south than Goddess Mut Temple; these Temples were united by a Ritualistic way that makes straight-bends in front of Mut’s Temple, whose entrance door faces a different Cardinal Point position than Luxor and Karnak Temple, apparently to as an indication of the difference between Solar and Lunar Temple’s dedication.

Once a Year Ancient Egypt's folks, came using this route in a ritualistic procession from Karnak Temple to Luxor Temple, as well, the Statues of the triad gods of Karnak were brought to this Temple in a barge once a Year, for the short time that lasted the festival of Opet, this cause-way was decorated with hundredth of sphinxes’ shrines.

It was thought that Luxor was also dedicated to the Theban Divine Triad composed by the gods Amon-Mut-Khensu, but recent studies are evidence that this Temple was built to worship the pharaoh’s Ka or Spirit, a place thought as the residence of the living-gods on Earth were honored or worshiped, Pharaohs were taken as the descendants of the Sun god Re or Ra, who ruled Egypt by acquiring the Spirit-incarnation of the God Heru or Horus through magic-rituals performed by the Temple’s outmost priesthood.

Entrance to the Pharaoh's temple

The first pylon the trapezoidal shape in U form at the entrance of the temple is about 78 feet tall (24 meters), as well the Obelisks measures 82 feet high (25 meters), as well, there are two sitting statues n the entrance way, although, they were four statues of Ramses II standing along with two other sitting that now are missing, all this monuments were built by Ramses II, the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Egyptian Dynasty, the famous pharaoh known as the “Great Constructor” also the maker of the Abu Simbel Temple Complex and many other significant monumental Architectural exponents of Ancient Egypt.

This Temple’s origins are probably much older, but only a few inscriptions are found that belong to earlier dynasties, but scientists are not sure if these inscriptions are part of another Temple built underneath or construction-material brought from previous temples destroyed from other location. In this Temple stand-out, a passage of 100 meter long decorated by a colonnade of 14 columns, which have papyrus-like column-capitals, made by Amenhotep III the Ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the 15th century B.C.

Corridors of Columns at Luxor temple

The leading pharaohs that contributed to the construction of this Temple were Amenhotep III during the 18th Dynasty, a pharaoh who also gave beginning to the Opet festivals, the great event of Thebes of about 27 days and Ramses II who also gave its monumental-architecture.

The main constructions at this Temple are dedicated to pharaohs of the Eighteenth Dynasty like Hatshepsut and Thotmes III and others from the Nineteenth Dynasties like Horemheb and Seti II, as well many other contributors from the Twentieth Dynasty, like Ramses III, who also is known to have prolonged the celebrating days of Opet festival.

arrow
arrow
Luxor Temple Egypt
photo