Medinet Habu Egyptian Palace and Mortuary Temple of Ramses III

Medinet Habu, Medinet means city (Habu City) and realistically it was a Wall-fortified city, matter of fact, a city of many violent accounts related to international and nation-wide confrontations, well-built and ornamented palace, inspired in the Ramses II Mortuary Temple, as well built and ornamented Architectural Complex, which is one of the best preserved cities of the Egyptian Pharaonic period, even so that with Time this city had changed in habitation-purposes preferences, which at times was even used as Coptic church.

Interior of Medinet Habu

Medinet Habu is located at the extreme South-side of the "West Valley" (The Valley of the Death) vicinity, the Sacred Mountain West of Ancient Thebes, now Luxor city; place where Kings, Queens, Nobles and Artisans were buried during the "New Egyptian Empire", this particular Temple was visited by a Ceremonial-Barge that came from Thebes with the statue of Amon, each ten days during the whole year.

Originally, a Temples or Shrines Complex, built to honor, predominantly God Amon-Ra, the favored god during the “New Egyptian Empire” time-period. As well it was thought as the Burial place, of the Primeval-god’s that make the Egyptian Divine Ogdoad credited with the World Creation event.

Habu site construction phase, was started by Pharaohs Hatshepsut and Ramses II, probably done over past Temples-structures, as well, Tutankhamen contributed with some edifications there since two Statues found at this Temple include the name of pharaoh Ay, but these Statues resemble pharaoh Tutankhamen, which most likely show that this Temple was built by pharaoh Tutankhamen, but usurped by pharaoh Ay after pharaoh Tutankhamen death. Pharaoh Ay, was Tutankhamen uncle who succeeded Tutankhamen and as well was the last pharaoh of the 18th dynasty; at the same time pharaoh Ay, was usurped in this Temple and in the Egyptian Throne as well, by pharaoh Horemheb an Egyptian General that took over the eighteenth dynasty after the disastrous reign of pharaoh Ay.

Pharaoh Horemheb, is the founder of the Nineteenth Dynasty, but since he did not have descendants, and the reason why, Ramses I was chosen to succeed him, although, the Egyptian kingship continues with the Nineteenth Dynasty name, even so that they do not belong to the same family, since, both Pharaohs were Brothers of Arms, Military who took the government by force.
Pharaoh Ramses I was probably an old man at that time he ascended to the Throne since he died about just one year later; It is possible that Ramses election by the Generals and the God Amon Theban Priesthood on bases that Pharaoh Ramses I had much talented and intelligent Son, which succeeded him as pharaoh Seti I. Seti I was a successful pharaoh and the father of well-known pharaoh Ramses II.

sacred barge at Medinet Habu walls

Pharaoh Ramses III, 12th century BC. The Second pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty, and the latest of the renowned Pharaohs of Egypt. Although, that Ramses III and his wife had family-bond to Egyptian royal families, he came from a different family group, than the past Ramses I and II 19th Dynasty. Ramses III father pharaoh Setnakhte, short time ruler, founder of the Twentieth Dynasty came to power by force during Times of trouble that permitted him to take-over the control over the whole Egyptian Empire.

Ramses III, did not extended the Egyptian frontiers, but had a Great challenge defending them, carved in the stone walls of this Temple, is represented one of the most decisive Battle of Egyptian history, accomplished against the "Sea People", nomad invaders that came from the North by the thousands, to the northern-east limit of Egypt, where is now days is Syria, and from there continued in Egypt's course. The aggressors probably were coming, from where is located Iran today, they came in ships and in oxen-drawn wagons destroying everything on their way. He fought by sea and land, the great maneuverability of the Egyptian ships and their archers’ ability, brought to a conclusion the offensive, and stability to the Egyptian frontiers, as well.

Medinet Habu Temple “The Temple of Million Years” had some peculiarities different than other mortuary temples, it was also a Palace; Ramses III built a surrounding wall to the whole Temples Complex, The entrance to this compound, are two Migdol towers, which are defending watch-tower that resembles Meddle east fortifications. Ramses III apparently he was almost a victim of a palace intrigue directed by one of his wives, on matters of succession, but apparently survived because he punished them in an exemplary form, although, eventually he died at this place. This Temple was besieged during Ramses XI the last of the original Egyptian Pharaohs and from there on the pharaohs' ruling power was lost forever, thereafter, at the termination of the Twentieth Dynasty the artisans from Deir el Medina moved to this palace area.

Medinet Habu Egypt
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