Goddess Mut Temple Karnak Luxor ancient Thebes Egypt

Goddess Mut Temple, at Karnak (Thebes) Egypt was dedicated to the feminine counterpart of Amon Re or Ra, as a Triad part, she was the mother of Menthu, the God of War, but eventually Khensu, Khons or Khonsu a Lunar God replaced Menthu a Sun deity; however, they were the preferred Divine Triad after the Theban Families took power as rulers Egypt, during the “New Egyptian Empire” period.

Sphinx at Mut Temple

Mut, meant mother, in ancient Egyptian language, this Goddess is usually depicted as the Goddess Mother of all living things, was represented by a White Vulture or by a Lion-headed Woman, which at times wears a circular Serpent’ Crown as well can be represented either as a Serpent or a Woman wearing the Crowns of the North and South regions of Egypt.

Goddess Mut, during the "Old Egyptian Empire" period, was a Self-begotten Celestial Goddess, associated with Mut or Nanuet the female counterpart of Mu; were two deities of the primeval Ogdoad, which represent the Cosmic Eternal Waters from where, everything sprung out during the Creation, in other words they were taken as the Creators of the World we live and anything that can be seen.

In Ancient Egyptian Times, the goddesses Wadjet, the serpent and Nekhebet, vulture goddesses were in respectively order, the Symbols of Lower and Upper Egypt, eventually Goddesses Bast and Sekhmet, the Lioness Goddesses that represented, the two eyes of Ra gained more popularity as Symbols of Egypt's two regional divisions. Although, when the whole country was reunited again at the "New Egyptian Empire" rising time, The Two Goddesses were absorbed by only one Goddess, the Theban Goddess Mut became the sole Deity of all the Egyptian territorial domain.

Goddess Mut Egypt

As the Theban Pharaohs, gained power during from Eighteenth Dynasty to the Twentieth Dynasty, Goddess Mut became more and more popular in all Egypt, and for such, a number of Temples were built in her honor, at different cities; however, Mut’s foremost worshiping center was at Thebes since this deity, was the greatest Goddess of Thebes, which was at that Time Egypt’s capital city. Mut’s Temple was located in the road that goes east to west direction, which connected the Karnak and Luxor Temples. At Mut,s Temple in Thebes, all the rituals and administrative deeds, were performed exclusively by women, at this temple the Queen was the highest authority of the Temple. On top of all, Goddess Mut was the invisible pharaoh's Symbolic Mother-deity.

Goddess Mut, also had a precinct with trapezoidal perimeter, and an artificial lake with half-moon shape at the Karnak Temple Complex, located, right by the side of Amon-Ra worshiping Temple-place, at Karnak Complex, also were celebrated the festival of Nut, whose arrangements consisted, in placing her Statue, in a Ceremonial Barge navigating, in the lake, to carry out the New Year celebrations.

Lionesses goddesses at the temple

God Amon Statue, also brought to take part in the Crescent Shaped artificial lake, he came, as well, in its own boat since they were Water-fertility rituals, of much influence in Ancient Egypt, for the reason that Egypt is surrounded by deserts and Water was the most significant Symbol of Life, and as well, Ancient Egyptians, related Water to the Cosmos, essentially, Water represented the Eternal Sky-waters from where the Sun, Moon and Stars navigated daily, and they inevitably, associated the Sky with the region were Gods dwell, and also thought that eventually, the Sky will be the their Spirits Abode in Afterlife.

Goddess Mut was the cosmogony and Imperial deity, Mother-goddess of all and everything, as well, this goddess, in her Lioness-form also was the strong defensive goddess of all Egypt.

Her worship lasted over two thousand years, but eventually God Amon was absorbed by Ra, and Mut as well was absorbed by Goddess Hathor and eventually were absorbed by Goddess Isis, whose believes and rituals were practiced for many centuries deep in the present Era and spread out to Rome, Greece and as far as Britain.

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Mut Temple Karmac Luxor ancient Thebes Egypt
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