Philae Temple is another temple of ancient Egypt that was saved and relocated in other island 550 kilometer from its original emplacement by the UNESCO during the Aswan dam construction.
Its origin goes back to Nectanebo I the first pharaoh of the Thirtieth dynasty, considered the last Egyptian dynasties, actuality the late Egyptian period. However its main structures were done later during the Greco Roman just before the Christian era, period of time when most of the Upper Egypt temples were, repair or rebuilt over by Geeks descendant rulers and Roman officials. As being located over the first cataract also there are remains of Nubian gods like Mandulis the Nubian version of Egyptian solar god Heru or Horus.
This temple was consecrated to the goddess Isis one of the most ancient divinity of Egypt its origins dates back to the earliest Egyptian dynasties. She supposedly was born from the sky goddess Nut in union with god Seb the patriarch of the god that represented the earth element; as well were born from this union her brothers Osiris, Set and her inseparable sister Nephthys.
Osiris married Isis and from this union was born Heru or Horus, the falcon headed god; is also believed that from the union of Osiris and Nephthys was born Anubis the jackal headed god protector of the tombs; most likely that because of this coupled event Set killed his brother Osiris when Osiris was 28 year old.
The story is quite long but only some extracts will be used for the needs; Isis as widow raised her son Heru and hided him in the papyrus marshes to protect him from the revenge of Set. Heru also died by the bite of a scorpion but was resurrected by magic words that were pronounced by Isis, given to her by the god Thoth. When Heru grew he killed Set in a long series of battles revenging his father death, representing the good against evil.
Gods Heru and Anubis participated in the embalming of Osiris after his assassination; Osiris after death was judged by the gods, found innocent and brought back to life, then Isis and Nephthys assisted the resurrection of Osiris. The gods also converted Osiris in god; he became the lord of resurrection, lord of Life and was given a throne to rule as the judge of the death.
Isis also was an enchantress and got control of the sun god Ra by forcing him to reveal his secret name with one of her sorcery tricks.Isis and Osiris name were written with a three-step hieroglyph that means: steps seat and throne; meaning that during the early dynasties her rituals were strictly reserved to the throne matters, exclusively to pharaohs and a must for a person to become pharaoh. In Egypt the rightful throne heir had to pass a ritual mortis ceremony to become pharaoh and repeated it each 28 years of ruling period, emulating the death of Osiris.
In this event Isis takes the place of his mother by giving him the new life with the spirit of Heru, the power that she got from Ra and the attributes that Osiris got by coming back to life.Nephthys name in hieroglyphs is Neb Het, the “Lady of the House” also temple but actually representing the sky or heaven, the afterlife world where the pharaoh will integrate with Osiris after death; reason why these goddess always appear in the pharaoh’s sarcophagus.
This ritual that at times of the Old Empire were reserved only to the Pharaoh, during the “New Empire” was shared by the high priests, becoming more accessible to other in the “New Empire” probably by the Greco Roman period it was even more popular; consequently Isis as well became more accessible to all and became the mother exemplar, goddess of love and child birth, the worship of this goddess continued inclusively in Rome by the year 500 of the present era.
goddess Isis temple Aswan Egypt
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