Sakkara or Saqqara: Pyramids and Columns Origin point Place

Sakkara or Saqqara was the Necropolis of Memphis, the ancient Egyptian Capital city of the "Old Egyptian Empire", Memphis, as well, this city was one of the most Ancient Religious Centers of Egypt, it is located about 30 kilometers south of Cairo.Entrance at Sakkarah temple

Sakkara has been used as a burial place for millenniums since the times of the First Egyptian Dynasty, in this burial place are found more than fifteen pyramids, the outmost edification, is the well-known Step-Pyramid, the first pyramid ever built in Egypt, the Step-Pyramid was built during the rule of Zoser, the first Pharaoh of the Third Egyptian Dynasty. It was designed and built under his authority by Imhotep a wise man that was taken as god, even after the Thirtieth Dynasty.

Imhotep (2635-2595 B.C.) was the foremost of the scribes, perhaps, the first true Architect, as well, he was the first to write books is medicine, astronomy and others books of knowledge, and was the High-Priest of Memphis, as well.

Egyptians did honor Imhotep, as a mythical person and was worshiped as a god, and as late as the Greco Roman Times, as can be seen in the temple of Philae, a Temple where there is a chapel dedicated to this personage, Philae Temple was built by the Greco Roman rulers, and is located over the First Cataract, towards the southern border of the Ancient Egyptian territory.

Imhotep was knowledgeable and confident person who totally transformed and made out of the Egyptian Architecture a unparalleled achievement in Human History at its Time.

Zoser Step Pyramid built by Imhotep

Imhotep changed mud-dry bricks for stone bricks, and introduced columns as structural reinforcement, and decorative values, as well, came out, with many other architectural ornamentations that make outstand this site as the most import architectonical Funerary Complex of its Time in Egypt and in the world, as well, which stands out the structure of the first Pyramid ever the highest stone building ever built by Human civilization, and the most significant Funerary Complex ever done, showing a Pyramid, 60 meters high, in an enormous Complex with a perimeter wall of 560 X 280 Meters by 10 meters high, where many other Ceremonial building were made, for ceremonial purposes to honor their Pharaoh and Gods for Ever and Ever.

In the northern area of Sakkara adjacent to the Step-Pyramid, also can be found, the funerary pyramid of Userkaf, Fifth Dynasty Pharaoh, and Teti I pyramid, First Pharaoh of the Sixth Dynasty, as well the Serapeum, a Temple Complex for honoring God Osiris, who was worshiped as a Bull in this place.

In this same area, also is found pharaoh Unas pyramid, it is probably the smallest pyramid with a height of only 78 feet (24 meters), nevertheless, this Pyramid are found, the first and finest religious inscriptions ever done before, these decorative inscriptions are the well-known Pyramid Texts, which are related to their religious tradition. In this Necropolis area, are also found the structural bases of Pharaoh Sekhmet pyramid, a ruler who succeeded pharaoh Zoser, this pyramid is thought as being built by the “Great Architect Imhotep”, but there is much uncertainty concerning if this structure was ever completed and finished.

At the south side of Sakkara, are located the pyramids of Pharaoh Djedkare-Isesi from the Fifth Dynasty and pharaohs Pepi I, Merenre son of Pepi I as well Pepi II of the Sixth dynasty. In Sakkara, can also be found a small pyramid that belongs to Ibi a Pharaoh of Eight dynasty (First intermediate Time Period), but due to the short reign of Pharaoh Ibis, it could never had the sufficient time to complete its construction.Symbol of life and resurection

In the southern area of Sakkara, also is the Mastaba of Shepseskaf, the last pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, the only Pharaoh of that Dynasty, that even that he finished his father (Micerino) pyramid in Gizah, chose for his Eternal Resting place a Mastaba closer to Memphis rather than a Pyramid close to Giza or Heliopolis like his ancestors did.

In Sakkara, there are also a large number of Mastabas (Individual, Mausoleum like structural buildings) of excellent craftsmanship that have, excellent enhancing decorative matters, for use in ritual practices, which probably were made to honor their family, renowned loyal functionaries and influential priests of those Times.

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Saqqara or Sakkara Egypt Origin of Columns & Zoser-Imhotep First Step Pyramid
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