Kom Ombo: Gods Heru or Horus (Eagle-Lion) & Sobek (Crocodile) double Temple

Kom Ombo Temple is located about 45 Kilometer north of Aswan, even so that in the surroundings places are tombs that belong to the "Old Egyptian Empire" and having into account that its origins most likely correspond to an older Time period, the main construction structure of this temple (Second century B.C.) corresponds to the Greco-Roman ruling monarchs, who built this Temple in a high place overlooking the Nile River.

Kom Ombo Entrance

This Temple has a double architectural placement, actually two, equal parallel, Temples side by side; like the Yin or Yang, Day and Night, and for such, the right side was dedicated to the Crocodile god, Symbol of Depth and Darkens, thus, accordingly to this conceptual layout of this place, the left side was assigned to Heru or Horus the primordial Solar god Lord of the Sky and the Heights, the Sun illuminated part of the Sky during the day.

Kom Ombo Temple, in Ancient Times, was known, as well, had double Name, the "Abode of the Crocodile" and the "Stronghold of the Falcon" In ancient Egypt, the crocodile was a creature with double charisma, as well, in some regions people, hated the crocodile and killed them at sight whenever they had an opportunity, for these people the Crocodile was the Symbol of Evil.

On the other hand, there also were other regions that persons protected the crocodiles, and took them as Divine Creature and worshiped them as Deity Symbol. Nevertheless, even so that for some took the crocodile as a Demons' Incarnation, others admired this animal, on account of its ferocity and quick response, which were the main factors to determine the crocodile as a Symbol of Ferociousness and made it the Patron of the Pharaonic Egyptian army.

Kom Ombo wall decoration

For the reason that the crocodile lives in the Nile, comes out of the water and as well lives in Land, they associated him with the regular Nile inundations that offer fertile ground deposits from upstream, and goes downstream upgrading the river banks flooding and covering all the cultivable Land, fertilizing the earth and giving life to the new crops, a welcomed River feature that renewed once, every year; a fact and the reason why, Sobek was taken as a symbol not only of strength, but fertility, rebirth, as well. In a form or other, they also were relating Sobek to Osiris the Nile God and Symbol of Rebirth, and well, to Osiris-Heru gods mix Symbolism, Symbols of death, resurrection or rebirth, Strength and new life.

Sobek also was thought to be the Creator of the Nile, was represented as a crocodile with the solar disk in the top of the head or a person with the with crocodile head. Sobek was worshiped from ancient times in the Fayum area since pharaohs of this region, have placed his figure-form inside the cartouche that makes their names, however, its devotion lasted until the Twentieth Dynasty, that is when it was wholly absorbed by the Theban God Amon, a practice which eventually disappeared after the Greco Roman Period.

Heru image at Kom Ombo temple

Sobek also was a God of the elements like god Khnum, representing the four zodiacal forces of the universe, hence the four elemental gods: Ra = Fire, Shu = Air, Seb = Earth and Osiris = Water.

Goddess Hathor also had a consecrated chapel at this Temple, where she was worshiped in as the spouse of God Heru or Horus, nevertheless, Goddess Hathor was also worshiped in Egypt as a divine Gods’ Triad, showing Hathor together with Gods Sobek and Khensu as their sons, rather than father-mother and son, like the Theban triad.

As well, on the reason that, since Goddess Hathor was associated to Goddess Neith, and Sobek was the son of goddess Neith, sometimes she is represented suckling two crocodiles one representing Osiris and the other Heru.

Komombo temple Egypt Egyptian crocodile god Sobek